Comparative Migration Research

Below, find some links with research comparing Germany and Canada in the context of migration, settlement and integration.

1)A special issue in the open-access journal Comparative Migration Studies:


2)Two RCIS Working Papers:

Niche Employment or Occupational Segmentation? – Immigrant Women Working in the Settlement Sector in Germany and Canada 

… This working paper examines the experiences of immigrant women working in the settlement sector and compares Germany with Canada in this respect. The central thesis is that immigrant women working in this sector experience occupational segmentation based on their gender, race, and immigration status. Our research findings support this thesis, suggesting that the settlement sector is a deeply segmented labour market where, on the one hand, language and cultural competencies facilitate the employment of racialized immigrant women, while on the other hand, the positions these women occupy are characterized by precarious working conditions with limited opportunities for professional growth. These similar labour market outcomes occur in Germany and Canada, despite the rather different structures of the settlement sector in the two countries.

Steps toward Universalism in Immigration Policies: Canada and Germany

Canada’s points system was historically significant for its universalism, ending ethnic discrimination in the selection process for new immigrants. In spite of its appeal world-wide, however, it has not been successful in matching well-qualified migrants to good jobs, instead leading to “brain waste”, as exemplified by academics driving taxis. To avoid this problem, Germany should not imitate Canada’s points system, but instead Canada’s easy naturalization, welcoming multiculturalism, and acceptance of immigrants in political life.

Germany has made important steps toward a universalist immigration
system. It is part of the EU’s open sphere, which enables every EU citizen to
move freely. This sphere may be further widened in the coming years. Moreover, the EU Blue Card system enables anyone in the world to work in Germany, with only a minimum salary level as a condition. The EU’s open sphere and Blue Card system are making important contributions to the establishment of an open world, a perspective that should be discussed in North America.

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