Julie Young is a Research Associate at the Centre for Refugee Studies at York University and an instructor in the Department of Politics and Public Administration at Ryerson University. She completed her doctorate in Geography at York in 2012. She has worked as a researcher in academic, public sector, and non-profit settings. Her dissertation focused on collaborative advocacy across the Canada-US border in response to the Central American refugee ‘crisis’ of the late-1980s. Her ongoing research program considers borders in relation to movements of people, raising questions of citizenship, agency, and politics.